The following pictures are of a guy who works for the forest Service In Alaska. He was out deer hunting.
A large world record Griz charged him from about 50 yards away. The guy unloaded a 7mm Mag Semi-auto into the bear and it dropped a few feet from him. The thing was still alive so he reloaded and capped it in The head. It was over one thousand six hundred pounds, 12'6" high at the shoulder.
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It's a world record. The bear had killed a couple of other people. Of course, the game department did not let him keep it. Think about it: This thing on its hind legs could walk up to the average single story house and look on the roof at eye level. It was a big bear, a grizzly -- or "brown bear" as the coastal version of the species is often called -- whose hide measured 10 feet, 6 inches from head to toe.
In August, a grizzly bear killed a hiker in Yellowstone National Park—a tragic yet extremely rare event, experts say. The chances of being injured by a bear are approximately 1 in 2.
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In other words, you're more likely to be killed by a bee than a bear. To gain more insight into bear attacks and how to prevent them, scientists recently completed a study—not yet published—examining bear attacks on people. Their research revealed distinct patterns of bear behavior that can help people stay safe in bear habitat.
These incidents are largely preventable, but humans have to take more responsibility. North America is home to three bear species: The black bear , brown bear a species that includes the grizzly bear , and polar bear.
Find out which species live in the place where you live or plan to travel. Some places, such as Montana's Glacier National Park , are home to both grizzlies and black bears. It can be difficult to tell them apart, since black bears can also be brown, like grizzlies. However, black bears are generally smaller. Notably, Smith says, brown bears inflicted more injuries than any other species in Alaska.
The average brown bear encounter is more dangerous—3. Bears have a better sense of smell than dogs and love humans' food. So the main strategy to avoid run-ins is to minimize any scents or attractants on your body, campsite, or property. He recommends people practice in advance how to operate the spray, including being familiar with far it shoots. Practice outdoors and upwind; bear spray is powerful stuff. He also says a person traveling in bear country should wear the spray on a holster in front of their bodies, so that they're not fumbling for it if they run smack into a grizzly.
In a study that also involved Smith and Herrero, scientists found that bear spray was 92 percent effective in deterring attacks from the three species of North American bear in Alaska between and Ninety-eight percent of people carrying bear spray who got into close encounters with bears were uninjured. Being alone in the wilderness can be fulfilling, but for safety's sake it's better to walk in a group of three people or more, he says.
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A bear is more likely to retreat if it sees or smells several people walking toward it than if a single person approaches. Of the people injured by bears in Yellowstone National Park since , 91 percent were hiking alone or with one other person. If dogs are allowed in the area where you'll be, it's generally a good idea to bring them, since the canines often scare away bears. However, this approach can backfire: If a dog is ahead of its owner and then runs into a bear, the bear may chase it, which is not only dangerous to the dog but could endanger humans if the dog runs back to its owner. If you see fresh scat, for instance, a bear has recently passed by.
Think through, 'How am I going to react?
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Throwing things, standing tall, and yelling will drive away most black bears—although that strategy isn't foolproof. If you run into a grizzly, your approach should be the opposite: Backing away slowly and getting away from the situation without provoking the animal, he says. That's especially true with female grizzly bears with cubs, which can be particularly dangerous.
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When threatened, female grizzlies will often stand up, slap the ground, and make blowing sounds. However, "that means it's nervous; it's not aggressive," he says. In Smith and Herrero's analysis of bear attacks in Alaska, the vast majority of incidents in which bears charged occurred when people and bears confronted each other at close range, within ten yards nine meters or less.
In more than 50 percent of those situations, the person was not physically hurt.
Of the cases in which the bears injured the person, 36 percent of injuries were to legs and feet, 18 percent to the back, 18 percent to arms, and 9 percent to head and neck.